by purujit dasa
THE PART IS ANANDA (BLISSFULNESS)
People are usually averse to following rules regulations blindly and the reason for this is that eternity and knowledge aspect is not enough to satisfy the soul. We also need some fun. There are transcendentalists for example, who by severe austerities restrict the bodily functions in order to stop whatever activity to avoid reaction and who attain the impersonal realization of the Complete Whole. But because they fail to make a distinction between the part and the Whole, they cannot remain in such a state for long. ye 'nye 'ravindākṣa vimukta-māninas tvayy asta-bhāvād aviśuddha-buddhayaḥ āruhya kṛcchreṇa paraṁ padaṁ tataḥ patanty adho 'nādṛta-yuṣmad-aṅghrayaḥ O lotus-eyed Lord, although nondevotees who accept severe austerities and penances to achieve the highest position may think themselves liberated, their intelligence is impure. They fall down from their position of imagined superiority because they have no regard for Your lotus feet. SB 10.2.32
Due to such incomplete realization, although they become liberated from the dualities of pain and pleasure of the temporary body and although revived in their cit aspect(complete knowledge), by their free will, they come down again into the material whirlpool. And that’s another aspect we share with the Complete Whole–free will. It is due to free will that we develop the never-to–be-fulfilled desire to be disconnected from the Complete Whole. But because the Whole is, as opposed to us, free unlimitedly, the Whole is also able to produce an illusion of such a situation. It’s called the material world, where we are enveloped in layers of subtle and gross bodies according to our desires. As long as we have a desire to be the doer, Krsna supplies us material bodies to fulfill our whimsical fantasies. Such wonderful is the intelligence of the Complete Whole. The intelligence of the impersonalists however will remain impure until they understand their subordinate position.
The real constitutional position of the living entity is that of subordination to the Supreme Lord, who is pure knowledge. When one is deluded into separation from this pure knowledge, he becomes controlled by illusory energy and cannot understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Bg 7.27 purport
Because we are parts of the Whole, our constitutional position is to serve the Whole. This is our eternal function. Just like if a finger cooperates with the whole body and supplies food to the stomach, automatically the nutritients are supplied to him as well. This is how the finger enjoys. If the finger however decides to enjoy food separately, he can only spoil the food and neither the body nor the finger will ever be satisifed. Therefore satisfaction or blissfulness(ananda) comes through service to the Whole and this is the third aspect of the nature of the part.
Because we do not know that there is a complete arrangement in Nature for our maintenance, we make efforts to utilize the resources of Nature to create a so-called complete life of sense enjoyment. This misleading life of sense-enjoyment is called illusion, because the living entity cannot enjoy the life of the senses without being dovetailed with the Complete Whole. For example, the hand of a body is a complete unit as long as it is attached to the complete body. When the hand is detached from the body, it may appear like a hand, but actually it has none of the potency of a hand. Similarly, the living beings are parts and parcels of the Complete Whole; and as long as the parts and parcels are detached from the Complete Whole, the illusory representation of completeness is not enough to bring the desired result.
(Iso Invocation purport)
It is important to note down that the full understanding of the part cannot be achieved exclusively through knowledge, we also have to engage in practical service to the Whole(Krsna):
bhaktyā mām abhijānāti
yāvān yaś cāsmi tattvataḥ
tato māṁ tattvato jñātvā
One can understand the Supreme Personality as He is only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of the Supreme Lord by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God.
The completeness of human life can only be realized when the human form of life is engaged in the service of the Complete Whole. Any service in this world, whether social, political, communal, international, or even inter-planetary, will remain incomplete unless and until it is dovetailed with the Complete Whole. And, when everything is dovetailed with the Complete Whole, the attached parts and parcels also become complete in themselves.
(Iso Invocation purport)
Because the part can never know the Whole fully, the complete knowledge we want to talk about is the knowledge that:
1. There’s the Complete Whole
2. we are parts of the Complete Whole
3. the parts of the Whole are related to the Whole in service.
It is not that we can learn everything about the Whole. We’re just tiny little parts and it is logically impossible for the part to contain the knowledge about the Whole. So ultimately the point is not to know the Complete Whole, but simply to love Him. And when we love Him, we ourselves being parts and parcels of Him will also be loved.
Kṛṣṇa, we cannot understand Kṛṣṇa fully. He is unlimited. But still, by following the footsteps of great mahājana, great devotees, personalities, we can understand to some extent what is Kṛṣṇa. So we may not understand fully. If we simply take it for granted, even without understanding Kṛṣṇa, that Kṛṣṇa is the Supreme and our business is to love Him... Real our aim is how to love Kṛṣṇa. Just like the gopīs. They did not know that Kṛṣṇa is God. Or the cowherds boys, they did not know. Even mother Yaśodā did not know that Kṛṣṇa was the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But their love for Kṛṣṇa was spontaneous. They did not know anything beyond Kṛṣṇa. If you come to that stage, that is perfection. Not that we want to know what is God. What you will know? What knowledge we have got we can understand what is God?
Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam 1.3.23 -- Los Angeles, September 28, 1972